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Levetiracetam is a novel antiepileptic drug (AED) with favorable pharmacologic characteristics and demonstrated activity in improving seizure control. Three multicenter double-blind, placebo-controlled studies were conducted in 904 patients with refractory partial-onset seizures. Patients were required to have a minimum of two or four seizures per week (depending on the study) and were maintained on a stable regimen of one or two AEDs at baseline that was continued during the study period. Patients ranged in age from 14 to 70 years, with a mean age of approximately 37 years. After an 8- to 12-week baseline period, patients were randomized and had doses titrated upward every 2 weeks over a period of 4 weeks to a target dose of 1,000, 2,000, or 3,000 mg/day of levetiracetam or placebo. Treatment was continued for a 12- to 14-week evaluation phase followed by an optional open-label treatment phase. Levetiracetam was generally well tolerated in all studies. Results from these three pivotal studies demonstrate that levetiracetam, as adjunctive therapy, is a safe and effective treatment for refractory partial-onset seizures in adults - Epilepsia . 2001; 42 Suppl 4:31-5.
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